The principles of environmental education - Учебно-методический комплекс дисциплины "Modern environmental problems"...
The principles of environmental education:
1. The integrity of the environment.
2. Systematic and continuous environmental education and training.
4. Implementation of local history approach.
Basic methodological errors in the study of ecology:
1. We consider mainly the relationship between man and nature, ie, dominated by anthropocentrism.
2. The environment is very often understood as the protection of nature, giving the characteristics of the major environmental laws.
3. The role of teachers in environmental education
History has preserved for us the words of the Prussian king Vil¬gelma, uttered after a victorious war with Austria: "This victory is not the army, it is the Prussian teacher has won the Austrian". In other words, the Prussian education system has won the Austrian.
"The teacher in the coming century, is the central figure of the civil society. The future of the country, the nation will depend on it to a greater extent than a politician, businessman, entrepreneur "(Moiseev NN Ecology and education -. M .:" UNIS ", 1996. - 192s.)
To paraphrase this idea, we can say that the ecological crisis in the end of "victory" not experts on environmental protection, and a special system of environmental education.
This is due to the fact that environmental problems are so severe that the permanent formation of the new ecological consciousness in the process of spontaneous development is simply not enough time: it is necessary to use all the channels on the individual effects. Accordingly, all persons who are able to exert this influence must have an understanding of the psychological and pedagogical foundations of environmental education.
And, first of all, this applies to teachers, regardless of specialty. The transfer of knowledge and skills - it is the task of specialists: Environmental Educators and school - teacher of biology and, in part, geography, but the formation of the relationship to nature, goals and motives interact with it, a willingness to choose ecologically sound business strategy - it is the task of all teachers.
The nature of the environmental consciousness of each student in the future may be "indifferent" to the life of nature, even if he will not then the head, receiving global solutions, and will be "simple farmer".
For example, a farmer who with the help of a mechanical mower on the tractor should mow the grass can make circles on a meadow with a starting and ending margins in the center (as is usually done), or starting from the center and postestenno approaching the outskirts. In the first case, animals that live on this meadow (hares, partridges, quails, etc.), Gradually gathered in its center and eventually killed or maimed by the mower blades. In the second - the animals simply forced out of the danger zone.
To elect the non-threatening animals hay option, the farmer must be elementary environmentally formed: first, to have an idea about the biology of the animals that inhabit the prairie; secondly, to have an appropriate attitude towards them, respect their right to life; thirdly, to own environmentally appropriate haymaking technology and want to apply it.
Каталог:ebook -> umkd
umkd -> Республики казахстан
umkd -> Республики казахстан
umkd -> Учебно-методический комплекс дисциплины «Биотехнология размножения и искусственное осеменение»
umkd -> Учебно-методический комплекс дисциплины «Возрастная физиология и школьная гигиена» для студентов 2 курса, специальностей
umkd -> Современные методы в биотехнологии
umkd -> Глоссарий
umkd -> Психология искусства и творчества
©2018 Учебные документы
Рады что Вы стали частью нашего образовательного сообщества.