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The Project Gutenberg ebook of Some Jewish Witnesses For Christ, by - səhifə 20

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"One incontestible certainty has been proved to me both in the wonderful guidance of my life as also in my profession, which I now hold for more than sixteen years, that of myself I can do nothing, not even the slightest thing, and imbued with the conviction of my powerlessness and utter helplessness, of my own poverty and wretchedness, I have learnt to make use of the sweetest privilege of our life, namely, the subjection of my own will to the will of my Saviour, Jesus Christ."

Kaufmann, Rev. Moritz, T.C.D., a native of Germany, convert and student of the L.J.S. about 1860, was ordained Deacon in London, 1865; priest in the diocese of Meath, 1869. He held two livings in Ireland, was Lecturer, Tutor, and Assistant Chaplain of St. Aidan's College, Birkenhead, from 1877 to 1883. In 1884 he was appointed Vicar of Erpingham, and afterward Rector of Ingworth, Norfolk. Dr. Kaufmann obtained the prize for Hebrew, Chaldaic and Syriac, and is the author of the following works: "Socialism, its Nature, its Dangers, and its Remedies Considered," 1874; "Utopias, or Schemes for Social Improvement from Sir Thomas More to Karl Marx," 1879; "Christian Socialism," 1888; "Charles Kingsley, Christian Socialist and Reformer," 1892; "Socialism and Modern Thought," 1895.

Kautz, Christian Friedrich, baptized in Berlin, 1702, published in 1703 "Des 12 jährigen Jesu vom Nazareth Verstand im Fragen und antworten, darüber[315] sich die juden verwundern," also "Erkannte Göttliche Wahrheit aus der Schrift Alten und Neuen Testamentes," Waldenburg, 1716, and a "Catechismus für Juden," 1720.

Keyper, a native of Prague, was Rabbi in Schleusinger, where he was converted and baptized by Superintendent Friedrich Ernest Weis in 1715. He afterwards was lecturer on Jewish antiquities in Altorf and in Regensburg. Later he gave lessons in Talmud and Rabbinics at Bremen. Wolff in Bib. Heb. 3, 4, N. 1356 b. speaks of him as a learned, upright and sincere man.

Kiel, a physician from Roumania, made, as a pious Jew a pilgrimage to Jerusalem, thinking that in the Holy City he would find spiritual satisfaction and peace, but he did not find it in the Judaism that he found there, but in the Gospel which was preached by the missionaries. He and his wife were baptized by Bishop Alexander in 1844, and he laboured afterwards as a medical missionary in Safed.

Klein, Julius Leopold, a native of Hungary, born at Nocskolez, 1810, died in Berlin, 1810. He was a physician, poet and writer. His works appeared in seven volumes, under the title "Dramatische werke," Leipsic, 1871-2.

Köbner, Pastor Julius, was born in Denmark in 1806. Was by profession an optician like Spinoza, but God vouchsafed to him greater spiritual sight than to the philosopher. He embraced Christian faith in the Lutheran Church of which he became a minister, but afterwards joined the Baptists.[316] Endowed with spiritual and mental gifts, he henceforth laboured with great zeal in Copenhagen, where he built the Christian Chapel, and also in many other parts. Later he laboured in Berlin, where he died 1884. His notable writings are, "Das Lied von Gott," an epic poem from the creation to the redemption of the world. "Die Waldenser," a dramatic poem with notes, "Die Neue Erde." On his hundredth birthday, 1906, appeared a hundred of his choicest sermons in the press, under the title "Lebens Wasser."

Kofler, Carl, born in Lemberg, 1820, was baptized with his parents at Breslau in 1822, graduated at the University there, and was appointed Vicar in Bad Lardeck in Silesia in 1851. He is recorded to have been a gifted preacher of the Gospel and a conscientious pastor. He died in 1877.

Koppel, Dr. J., born in the Archduchy of Posen in 1830. He began to learn Hebrew when he was three years old. Afterwards he attended a Roman Catholic school, where he was badly treated, and he imbibed strong prejudices against Christianity. In 1846 he entered a Jewish seminary for teachers at Bromberg, and when he finished his studies, he was appointed teacher by the Government in a town near the Russian border, and also interpreter. At that time he realised that there was a great contrast between the Bible and the Talmud, but he had no inclination towards Christianity whatever. Coming to Berlin, he made the acquaintance of Dr. Jaffe, whose brother was a missionary of the British Society, and he[317] advised him to go to him for Christian instruction. The result was that he was baptized by Jaffe. In 1860, Koppel entered the service of the British Society, and laboured at first in England. In Bristol he became acquainted with George Müller and with his institution, which served him to good purpose in his future activity. Returning the same year to Bromberg, it happened that one day a pair of boots were stolen from him, and a poor beggar boy was suspected of the theft. This incident awakened in Koppel's heart deep compassion towards the poor neglected boys, and he applied to the municipal authorities for permission to found a Home or Ragged School for them where they might receive Christian training. This permission was, after some hesitation, granted, and the Home was opened in 1864, which served at the same time as a refuge for gutter children, orphans, Jewish enquirers and converts. Koppel then displayed great activity together with Dr. Ben Zion, Dr. Mossa and other friends whom he gathered around him. They instructed the children, visited the prisons, preached to the Jews, of whom thirty-five were converted there. Koppel laboured in faith, and the means of support were not wanting. A waiter sent him 200 thaler and rich people helped him liberally. In 1866 there were seventy inmates in the "Home" at Salem. In 1869 Koppel, not feeling strong enough to carry on the work, delivered it to others and went to London, where he did similar work and was well known at the Mildmay Conference Hall. Subsequently he went to Texas to found a colony there.[318]

Kronheim, Joseph Nathaniel, a native of Magdeburg and son of wealthy parents. In his youth he led a restless life, served as a soldier under Napoleon I. in his Russian campaign, and then was schoolmaster in Magdeburg, where he bought a New Testament, to teach moral principles from it. The rabbi, on hearing of this, dissolved the school. He then came to England and made the acquaintance of Bishop Alexander, who preached the Gospel to him. He then took more time to investigate the question at issue between Judaism and Christianity, travelling in the country to sell optical instruments, till he came to the Rev. Wyndham Madden, of Woodhouse Parsonage, near Huddersfield, by whom he was further instructed and baptized in 1832. In 1835 he settled as optician in Belfast. A year later the friends of the Jews there, observing his Christian character, ability, and great Biblical knowledge, asked him to give up his business and become an agent of the Belfast Auxiliary Society, which he did, though he was then sixty years old. Through him a lively interest was awakened in Ireland for the cause of missions among the Jews. He laboured there for seventeen years, and died in 1852.

Krönig, Rev. Joshua Charles Solomon, heard the Gospel in Paris from the L.J.S. missionary Markheim, and was baptized by him in 1857, in the chapel of Lewis Way, when Lord Shaftesbury was one of the sponsors. After doing good work in London as a city missionary, he studied theology at King's College, was ordained by the Archbishop of York,[319] 1871-1872, and was appointed by trustees to the Vicarage of St. Barnabas, Hull, where he laboured for the rest of his life as a faithful minister of the Gospel to his congregation and missionary to his own people, esteemed and beloved by them both. In 1875 he opened a reading-room for Jews, which he called a "Beth hamedrash," in which he placed one of his own converts as house-father. In 1881 he bought a house for this purpose, on which he placed the inscription, "The doors of Zion, house for studying God's Word." In 1884, he told a pathetic story of a Jew who was a blasphemer, but whom the power of the Gospel converted and regenerated, so that he became his assistant in the work of the mission. Krönig was much sought after as a deputation.

Kropveld, Rev. E., Pastor at Ablasserdam in Holland and Secretary of the Dutch Reformed Church Mission to the Jews. He was brought up in strict Jewish orthodoxy. Starting in life in a merchant's office and living carelessly, he one day had a conversation with a Christian peasant, who assured him that he was certain of entering at last into the heavenly Canaan. This made a deep impression upon him, and he began to live in stricter conformity with Judaism. At the age of seventeen he heard the L.J.S. missionary Pauli preach, and felt the power of the Gospel message, which led to his being baptized. He then became a colporteur of religious books, when he suffered much from his friends, yet lived so economically that he managed to save sufficient money to enable him to study for the ministry. He then[320] became Pastor in Rundem, Minnertsga, and at last in Ablasserdam. He wrote several books in relation to the Jews.

Kuh, Christian Daniel, a merchant in Breslau, having been convinced of the truth of Christianity, was baptized in the Evangelical Church at Breslau in 1805. The result was that his wife and three children, his brother-in-law Hans August Fisher, and his fiancée followed his example.

Kunert, Rev. Karl, was born on May 25th, 1870, at Krotoschin, in Posen, one of the Prussian provinces. Of his history he says:—"My father was a furrier, who, in the family of his grandfather, a rabbi at Breslau, received not only the usual superficial knowledge of Judaism, but at the same time a truly orthodox education, and, as a pious Jew, he took good care that the laws of his people should be strictly kept by his whole family.

"I was named Karl, after this great grandfather, and I was expected to follow his profession likewise. As far as I can remember, I assisted at Divine service every morning and evening from about the third year of my life, and from the age of four I joined in the prayers whenever they were offered. Nor were the other branches of my education in any way neglected. Being able to read and write when quite a little boy of five, I became well versed in the history of my people and country. When nine years of age I was sent to the college of my native town, and later on, when my parents removed to Breslau, I visited the Catholic college of that town, but at the same time[321] the Jewish school. It was at this period of my life that I got a very strong antipathy to Christ and His adherents. Is that to be wondered at? All I saw was the thoughtless worship of Popish idols. And then, the greater evil to my young soul was wrought by my fellow-pupils, who, though educated in the Catholic faith, nevertheless found much pleasure in laughing at each new thought or religious exercise, and spent much time in reading all kinds of immoral books.

"I was very fond of reading, and in the memorable year 1885, the Lord led me to purchase the New Testament. There was a certain sacristan at Breslau who sold the books and tracts of the British and Foreign Bible Society, and often on Sundays, about dinner time, I went to see him and to buy books to read. In this way I came into possession of the New Testament in Greek, German and French. But the sacristan never uttered a word in favour of the Gospel, and I thought him a very greedy man who sold Christian books for the only purpose of gaining money. Such behaviour in a professing Christian, together with the sad experiences in my school-time, made me an embittered enemy of Christ and His Church. During my time at college I visited the University and the Rabbinic Seminary, in order to prepare myself for the chosen profession of a Rabbi. The bitter hatred of all who confessed Christ grew more and more intense, and at last, I triumphantly delivered a public lecture at Berlin against Christianity.[322]

"But already, at the time of my visiting the Rabbinic Seminary, I felt an inner restlessness, and even when I changed theological studies for other pursuits, this uneasiness would not quit me. I used to perform the Jewish law with a still greater zeal, notwithstanding that the inner voice told me most distinctly that I was wrong and would never find true happiness in this way. I could speak to no one about this conflict of my soul. The Jews did not understand me, and Christian people I most heartily despised.

"I then resolved to go to Paris, firmly believing that new surroundings would restore my peace of mind, and I felt I must conquer the heartfelt unrest at any rate. But on the very day of my arrival in Paris I took the train for Antwerp, and the next morning found me wandering about the streets of that town in dread despair. At length I resolved to return home, and that once more at Berlin I would seek rest in work. But in vain. I wandered under the old trees of the Tiergarten for long hours wrestling with my God, whom I was willing to serve, but after my own fashion as a Jew. I would not yield, and though I was hardly able to bear this inward conflict longer, I still went on with praying in public on the Day of Atonement.

"At the close of November, 1898, my anxiety grew so strong that I resolved to start for Altona, in order to be thoroughly instructed about Christianity, in a mission house. Nobody had told me of such an institution, but by chance I learned of its existence[323] from one of its former inmates. The 26th of November, 1898, found me at Hamburg. But still the old Adam would not yield, and I never entered the mission house till the utmost need forced me to go and see the Rev. A. Frank. He received me most kindly, and was willing to give me shelter in the house, but told me that, like all other inmates, I would have to engage in manual labour. I most gladly agreed to this, and I became a pupil of the mission on December 1st.

"Far from the noise and influence of the world I first met my Saviour in all His glory. There was no question now about justification by performing Moses' laws; His light made me see my sins in all their awfulness, and I broke down crying, 'My punishment is greater than I can bear' (Gen. iv. 13). But soon Divine love made me sing, 'My life is preserved' (Gen. xxxii. 30), and all my heart went out to my Saviour who had done so much for me. I was baptized on April 23rd by Pastor Aston. For a short time after I stayed at Hamburg as a private teacher, and the Lord's blessing was with me; but I was soon asked by our dear Pastor Dworkowicz if I would be willing to work as missionary to the Jews, and he felt I might be of service at Königsberg. Circumstances at the beginning of 1901 made my way clear. I knew then that it was after my Saviour's will that I should enter upon this work; so I applied to the British Society for the Propagation of the Gospel among the Jews, and I was accepted on June 9th, on the[324] recommendation of Pastors Dworkowicz, Aston and Frank, of Hamburg. I commenced work there under the direction of the first named, but on March 15, 1902, I started for Königsberg, in order to labour in that city for the glory of God my Saviour. 'The Lord hath done great things for us, whereof we are glad' (Ps. cxxvi. 3)."

Landsman, Daniel, was living in Jerusalem about 1870, maintaining himself by his handiwork as a strict, pious Jew. Whenever the L.J.S. missionary Stern met him he used to preach Christ crucified to him, so that at last he, in a passion, assaulted Stern violently, but at length was conquered by the Gospel, and then became his best friend. After his baptism in the Holy City he witnessed for Christ there before the Jews for some time. Then a position as assistant missionary was offered him in the Scotch Presbyterian mission at Constantinople, where he zealously laboured for seventeen years, and Bassin, afterward a missionary was one of those in whose conversion he was instrumental. He then emigrated to the United States, and was appointed by the Lutheran Synod at Missouri as missionary in New York about 1883, where he was blessed in his efforts to win souls for the Kingdom of God. He wrote the following tracts, partly in Hebrew and Yiddish, "Jeshua Sar ha Panim"; "Jeshua ha Nozri ist der Messiah Emeth," "Memra," "Shabbath Feiertage und Beschneidung"; "Was sagen die Rabbinere über Maschiah"; "Was sagt die Kabbalah, &c., über die Dreieinigkeit Gottes," 1888.[325] Laseron, Dr. Michael Maximilian August Heinrich, born in Königsberg, 1819, died in London, 1894. His father was a rabbi, but died on the same day, as his mother, when he was only seven years old. Laseron was then brought up by bigoted relations, who were not very kind to him. Owing to this he had no great love for the Jews, but rather sought after Christians, from whom he learned to know the Lord Jesus as his Saviour. He did not conceal his convictions, but told his relatives that he had a desire to become a Christian. Thereupon they so illtreated him that his life was in danger; so when he was seventeen, he escaped on foot to Frankfort, enduring great hardship on the way. Then he was instructed and baptized by Pastor Keimers, but he could not remain in Frankfort on account of persecution by the Jews, so he went to Basel. Scarcely had he arrived there, when he got very ill, and the wife of the missionary, a lady by the name of Haslen, nursed him till he recovered. Friends in Switzerland recommended him to the L.J.S., and he was for a time in the Operative Jewish Converts' Institution, Palestine Place. Then he entered as a student the newly-founded Missionary Training College of the British Jews' Society, and remained there over two years. However, though he was interested in the Jewish mission, and took practical part in the same, yet he felt that he was called to be a medical man, and the Committee allowed him to leave in 1849. Thereupon he went to Erlangen and studied medicine, and at the same time[326] practised homœopathy privately. Laseron then returned to London, and was a successful practitioner. Settling at Edmonton in 1854, he there lost his eldest child. This was the occasion for a call to a great enterprise of faith which bore glorious fruit. The bereaved parents noticing in the street poor, half-starved children, resorted to prayer and then resolved to establish an asylum for poor children where they could receive a good education. An Irish lady hearing of it, sent him £3; with this encouragement he hired a house, appointed a teacher, and opened the school in 1856, having sixteen scholars on the fore-noon of the first day and more in the afternoon. He also built a chapel. In a few months the school was so full that he could not admit any more children. Then he opened evening classes and services on Sunday, which were attended by 150 persons, who seldom went to a place of worship. In answer to earnest prayer Dr. Laseron received small and large, and even very large, gifts of money for his work in a most remarkable manner, often from people who were entire strangers to him, notably the brothers Samuel and John Morley supported him very generously, so that he was enabled to establish the Evangelical Protestant Deaconesses' Training Institution at Tottenham, now called The Prince of Wales's General Hospital. Dr. Laseron reached the age of 75, and before his departure he asked a friend to write to his children in Australia—"I thank God that I am surrounded by such as love me and Him."[327]

Laseron, Rev. David, came to Edinburgh from Germany, and maintained himself there by giving lessons in German and in Hebrew. He had also Christian pupils who visited him when he was sick and from whose young lips he first heard of the great Physician of souls. After his baptism in 1844 he was sent as a missionary to Cochin, where he established schools for heathen and Jewish children. In 1852, these schools were attended by 16 white Jewish boys, 112 black Jewish boys and 24 girls. Laseron baptized one Jew there by the name of Jehil Benjamin, in 1849. He was recalled home in 1855, owing to some disagreement with his colleague.

Lasson, Adolf, born in Alt Strelitz, 1859, embraced Christianity while he was tutor of Philosophy in the University of Berlin. He wrote the following works: "Fichte über das Verhältniss von Staat und Kirche," Berlin, 1863; "Meister Eckhardt der Mystiker," 1878; "Das Cultur ideal und der Krieg," 1868; "Principien der Zukunft des Volkesrechts," 1871. In reference to religion, he belonged to the evangelical party in the German Church. The year of his baptism is not known.

Laub, P. B., born in the Bukowina, Austria, and received a strictly orthodox Jewish education. Receiving a New Testament from some one, he became convinced of the truth of Christianity, and then went to London, where he came in contact with the writer, who recommended him to the Operative Jewish Converts' Institution, but he soon left for Stuttgart, and was baptized by Gottheil there. He then studied[328] at Basel, but wishing to devote his life to the Jewish Mission, he went to the Institutum Delitzschianum, in Leipzig, to prepare himself for future work. In 1889, he went to assist Mr. Flad in Tunis, and then was called by the French, and afterwards by the Swiss Missionary Society to be their missionary in Alsace.

Lauria, Rabbi Elieser, was one of several Rabbis who became Christians in Jerusalem in the first half of the nineteenth century. He was baptized by Bishop Alexander in 1843, whereupon he was forced by the Jewish authorities to divorce his wife, who was sent by them back to Russia. She, however, returned to him in 1846, and in the next year she too made a public confession of her faith in our Saviour. Henceforth she assisted her husband in winning souls, and they laboured together at Cairo, until her death of cholera in 1849. Lauria opened a mission school there in 1850. He was much esteemed, even by the rabbis, and he circulated the Scriptures as far as Arabia, and the mission was not without results.

Lazarus, Joshua George, was baptized with his wife and two children in Liverpool, under the ministry of Rev. H. S. Joseph. In 1842, he became his assistant there and in Manchester. In 1851, Lazarus reported that sixty-eight Jews had been baptized since he entered upon his labours in the two cities. He retired on account of feeble health in 1853, and died in 1869.

Lebert, Herman, M.D. (Levy), born 1813, died 1878. He as a Christian doctor was very distinguished. Friedrich Wilhelm IV. bestowed upon him the gold medal for Art and Science. He became[329] Professor of Medicine in Breslau, 1859. His literary works are: "Anatomie Pathologique générale et speciale," 2 vols., 1854-62, for which the Parisian Academy gave him the prize. "Handbuch der Practischen Medicin," 2 vols., 1859.

Lebrecht, Abraham (Herz), born at Gross-Glogau Germany, 1706. At the age of seventeen both his parents died, and his relatives sent him to a Jewish high school at Prague. In 1739, he was a teacher at Belgrade, and when the Turks captured the city, they sold him and Newman, son of a Lutheran pastor, with many others, as slaves. The master tempted Newman to sin, but he resisted, and was cruelly beaten. The master then tried to make him yield through the medium of Herz, but Newman said to him: "I cannot offend my Lord Jesus, and would rather die than commit sin." This made a strong impression upon the young Jew, and henceforth he became very anxious about the state of his soul, and the other preached to him the good tidings of salvation through Christ. Newman died from the stripes he had received, and Herz was sold to Hadshi Mustapha, who brought him to Smyrna in 1741. There the Jewish community bought his release, presented him with sixteen ducats, and sent him to Constantinople, whence he made his way back to Germany, where in various ways he experienced the lovingkindness of God. Twice when he was in great despair, and was about to commit suicide, he was providentially saved and brought to his senses by Christians, who had come to him at the right moment. In his wanderings[330] he visited Friedrich Augusti, the well-known convert, who had had similar trials. Finally, he was baptized on Whitsunday, 1744, when he assumed the name of Lebrecht (Live right), and refused to receive a present from his sponsors, which it was the custom to give. He then lived as a consistent Christian to the age of 70, and died in 1776. This extract is taken by Pastor de le Roi from Lebrecht's autobiography, which closes with a prayer for the conversion of Israel.

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